The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
Coxeter groupsThis image illustrates two types of infinite Coxeter groups and algorithms involved in computation within those groups: one which generates elements of the group one by one, the "Shortlex automaton," and others, more conjectural, which seem to describe the Kazhdan-Lusztig cells of an arbitrary Coxeter group.
The illustration is described in detail and was created to accompany the article "Cells in Coxeter Groups," by Paul E. Gunnells (Notices of the American Mathematical Society, May 2006, p. 528). The explicit finite state machines required to draw the Kazhdan-Lusztig cells were supplied by Gunnells.
--- Bill Casselman
Dyadic icosahedraThis image exhibits fanciful renderings of the dyadic icosahedra discussed in the article "The p-adic Icosahedron," by Gunther Cornelissen and Fumiharu Kato (Notices of the American Mathematical Society, August 2005, p. 720).