The connection between mathematics and
art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been
used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows,
oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were
fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists,
and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the
basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented
infinity, Möbius ands, tessellations, deformations,
reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and
the hyperbolic plane in his works.

Mathematicians and artists continue to
create stunning works in all media and to explore the
visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated
landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and
more.

Autumn (Thanksgiving), by Daina Taimina (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY), photo @Daina Taimina44x44x29 cm, 2006-2010, wool, silk

Inspired by William Thurston's paper creations back in the 1960s, I thought if something can be made out of paper, it can also be crocheted, so I made my first crocheted hyperbolic planes in June 1997 by increasing stitches in constant ratio---after every two stitches I did an increase by one stitch. The number of stitches in each row grew exponentially, so after finishing my first small, very ruffled one I realized that to explore the hyperbolic plane I have to change the ratio of increase. For classroom use the best is to use the ratio 12:13---it means to increase one stitch after every 12 single crochet stitches. See more crochet examples on my blog, Daina Taimina Fiber Sculptures --- Daina Taimina (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY)