The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"Toroweave," by David Bachman (Pitzer College, Claremont, CA)
10 x 25 x 25 cm, 3D printed "sandstone" (gypsum powder + binder), 2016
These pieces were each created from two copies of a diamond tiling of a torus. The interior of each face of the tilings was removed, and the resulting webs were alternately offset in opposite directions to form a weave. Complementary colors are used to distinguish the two interlinked forms, which are completely disjoint. -- David Bachman