The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"A mirror pair of (3,2) torus knots embedded on tori," by sarah-marie belcastro (freelance mathematician, Hadley, MA)
Knitted bamboo yarn (Southwest Trading Company Twize, in colors twurple and twocean (seriously)), 6.5" x 14.5" x 3", 2009.
A (p,q) torus knot traverses the meridian cycle of a torus p times and the longitudinal cycle q times. Exhibited here are the two chiral versions of the (3,2) torus knot, knitted into their embedding tori. One can represent a (p,q) torus knot on the standard flat torus by drawing a line of slope q/p. The designer of a knit torus must contend with thickening the line to make it visible (and appear continuous), compensating for the curvature of the spatially embedded torus, and discretizing the result onto the non-square grid formed by knit stitches. --- sarah-marie belcastro (freelance mathematician, Hadley, MA) http://www.toroidalsnark.net