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Operator Theory and Arithmetic in \(H^\infty\)
Hari Bercovici
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Mathematical Surveys and Monographs
1988; 275 pp; hardcover
Volume: 26
ISBN-10: 0-8218-1528-8
ISBN-13: 978-0-8218-1528-1
List Price: US$100
Member Price: US$80
Order Code: SURV/26
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Jordan's classification theorem for linear transformations on a finite-dimensional vector space is a natural highlight of the deep relationship between linear algebra and the arithmetical properties of polynomial rings. Because the methods and results of finite-dimensional linear algebra seldom extend to or have analogs in infinite-dimensional operator theory, it is therefore remarkable to have a class of operators which has a classification theorem analogous to Jordan's classical result and has properties closely related to the arithmetic of the ring \(H^{\infty}\) of bounded analytic functions in the unit disk. \(C_0\) is such a class and is the central object of study in this book.

A contraction operator belongs to \(C_0\) if and only if the associated functional calculus on \(H^{\infty}\) has a nontrivial kernel. \(C_0\) was discovered by Béla Sz.-Nagy and Ciprian Foiaş in their work on canonical models for contraction operators on Hilbert space. Besides their intrinsic interest and direct applications, operators of class \(C_0\) are very helpful in constructing examples and counterexamples in other branches of operator theory. In addition, \(C_0\) arises in certain problems of control and realization theory.

In this survey work, the author provides a unified and concise presentation of a subject that was covered in many articles. The book describes the classification theory of \(C_0\) and relates this class to other subjects such as general dilation theory, stochastic realization, representations of convolution algebras, and Fredholm theory.

This book should be of interest to operator theorists as well as theoretical engineers interested in the applications of operator theory. In an effort to make the book as self-contained as possible, the author gives an introduction to the theory of dilations and functional models for contraction operators. Prerequisites for this book are a course in functional analysis and an acquaintance with the theory of Hardy spaces in the unit disk. In addition, knowledge of the trace class of operators is necessary in the chapter on weak contractions.

Table of Contents

  • An introduction to dilation theory
  • The class \(C_0\)
  • Classification theory
  • Applications of Jordan models
  • Characteristic functions and the class \(C_0\)
  • Weak contractions
  • Fredholm theory
  • Miscellaneous applications
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