This book is about mathematics in Sweden between 1630 and 1950from S. Klingenstierna to M. Riesz, T. Carleman, and A. Beurling. It tells the story of how continental mathematics came to Sweden, how it was received, and how it inspired new results. The book contains a biography of Gösta MittagLeffler, the father of Swedish mathematics, who introduced the Weierstrassian theory of analytic functions and dominated a golden age from 1880 to 1910. Important results are analyzed and reproved in modern notation, with explanations of their relations to mathematics at the time. The book treats Bäcklund transformations, MittagLeffler's theorem, the PhragménLindelöf theorem and Carleman's contributions to the spectral theorem, quantum mechanics, and the asymptotics of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Other important features include sketches of personalities and university life. Features:  Presents the first thorough treatment of mathematics in Sweden.
 Discusses the work of the great mathematicians and the development of mathematics throughout Europe.
 Brings the mathematics of an era to life in an informative and highly readable way.
Readership Graduate students, research mathematicians, and historians interested in scientific mathematics. Reviews "The text brings an expert overview of the development of mathematics, presented in a master style that reflects a deep insight into the subject. Thus the readers learn important facts from the history of mathematics and extend their previous knowledge in fields that do not exactly overlap their own specialties. This book on mathematics and mathematicians is strongly recommended to anybody who likes mathematics and its history."  European Mathematical Society Newsletter "This book is an extremely readable history of mathematics in Sweden up to 1950 ... strongly recommended to anybody who likes mathematics and its history."  European Mathematical Society Newsletter "Gives an indepth look at the mathematical scene in Sweden ... This is a book written by a mathematician for mathematiciansbesides biographical and historical material, the author devotes much space to the mathematical content involved. He does not hesitate to express his opinions, often with a dry wit."  Zentralblatt MATH Table of Contents  The eighteenth century
 The time 18001850
 A new time in Uppsala and Lund 18601890
 Algebraic geometry in Lund before 1900
 Bäcklund
 Uppsala 18601900
 Gösta MittagLefflerA biography
 MittagLeffler's and Sonya Kovalevski's mathematical papers
 Astronomy and optics
 Stockholm University 18801920 I
 Stockholm University 18801920 II
 Uppsala 19001930
 Lund 19001925
 Stockholm 19251950
 Lund 19251950
 Uppsala 19301950
 Mathematicians in Sweden 17001950
 Postscript
 Index
